Nagorno Karabakh Agreement 2020

The Nagorno Karabakh Agreement 2020: A Comprehensive Overview

In November 2020, a historic ceasefire agreement was signed between Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Russia. The Nagorno-Karabakh War, which saw decades of tensions and violence over a disputed region, finally came to an end. This agreement, which followed six weeks of heavy fighting, marked a turning point in the region`s history.

The Nagorno-Karabakh region is a mountainous enclave located within Azerbaijan`s borders but has been under Armenian control since the early 1990s. The conflict over the region dates back to the Soviet era, but it escalated in the early ’90s when both Armenia and Azerbaijan claimed ownership of the region. In 1994, a ceasefire was declared, but fighting continued sporadically until 2020.

The ceasefire agreement signed in November 2020 was brokered by Russia, and it came after several failed attempts at peace talks. The agreement saw Azerbaijan regain control of territories it lost to Armenia during the 1990s. The agreement also mandated the withdrawal of Armenian troops from some parts of Nagorno-Karabakh and surrounding regions.

With the Nagorno Karabakh Agreement 2020, Azerbaijan gained control of the city of Shusha, which is considered a cultural and strategic center by both Azerbaijan and Armenia. Armenia agreed to withdraw from the cities of Agdam and Kalbajar, which Azerbaijan gained control of as well. A Russian peacekeeping force was also deployed to the region to ensure the agreement`s implementation and prevent further escalation.

The agreement was hailed by Azerbaijan as a significant victory as it regained control of territories it had sought for decades. For Armenia, the agreement was a disappointing outcome as it lost land it had controlled for years. The Armenian Prime Minister, Nikol Pashinyan, said that the agreement was the only way to prevent further losses.

The Nagorno Karabakh Agreement 2020 was welcomed by many global leaders, with the United Nations calling for an immediate end to the fighting in the region. The European Union also applauded the agreement and expressed its readiness to support both Armenia and Azerbaijan in the post-conflict reconstruction and rehabilitation efforts.

In conclusion, the Nagorno Karabakh Agreement 2020 was a significant turning point in the long-standing conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh. While the agreement has brought an end to the immediate violence, it remains to be seen how both countries will move forward in rebuilding trust and finding a lasting solution to the region`s issues. Nevertheless, the agreement marks a hopeful start to peace and reconciliation between Armenia and Azerbaijan.

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